Boot Fitting Lingo Translation Guide
Blow-Out – this is lingo for identifying a problem area on your ski boot and then heating the plastic and pushing the wall of the boot away from the irritation point while it’s still hot, and allowing it to cool to provide relief from pressure.
Branock device- A foot measuring tools which will help your boot fitter determine foot length, width and arch length. Similar to what you see in shoe stores, but we use a different measuring scale.
Boot Liner – In every ski boot and most snowboard boots this is the removable bootie filled with layers of cushioning and contoured foams which functions as the insulation and fit layer between your foot and the hard shell.
Boot Shell - The hard shell in a ski boot or stiffer leather (snowboard) outermost part of the boot. Can be modified, stretched, heated and contoured to accept different feet.
Canting - This refers to adapting the angle of the boot or the foot to allow the ski or board to sit flat on the snow, to insure correct balance and efficiency on the snow. True canting requires us to cut a permanent angle into sole to create a canted boot sole, as most skis these days cannot accepted a cant or angle added to the top of the ski. Canting a snowboard is a relatively rare concept, but angle changes in boots can affect performance. If you think you are a candidate for canting, stop in and see us, or make an appointment with one of the boot staff to go thru a stance evaluation and we’ll work to get you flat.
Flex - The flex of the boot is a measure of how much resistance the boot will provide when you bend your knees into a turn. Usually rule of thumb is the more precise response would are expecting, the stiffer the boot will be.
- Higher stiffness = More exacting response, advanced to expert and race levels
- Moderate Stiffness = response and control appropriate for intermediates
- Less Stiff = More forgiving plastic, great for learners and progression.
- As always there are exceptions to the rules, and we use the information gathered in our initial evaluation of feet and flexibility to refine how stiff or soft of a boot you should be considering.
Footbeds - go to the custom insole section in our Boot Fit Center page
Mondo Size - This is a size scale that the winter boot industry uses to identify their sizes. After measuring on a brannock you might be told that you are a 25 or a 28.5 in mondo. It is just reference point for us to start with.
Pack-out -. Know also as compression. This is where the foam layers inside the liner get thinner due to the heat of your feet, force of skiing or riding and result is a larger internal cavity that surrounds your foot. It happens in every level of ski and riding boot, and occurs within the first two or three days out on snow with a new boot. It’s why we insist on fitting boot snugly because they are guaranteed to get bigger. Snugger equals better control on snow. And control at whatever speed you travel at is the key to the universe.
Pronation - This is the most common irregularity in feet. We see it occurring in over 75% of all the feet on our boot bench. Some people call it flat feet. Not a big deal and we can easily modify your boots to combat the affects of a pronated foot, but it can be the root of all evil if it goes unnoticed. All our boot fitters are trained to spot it a mile away with one eye closed.
Shell Fit – This is the process of evaluating your foot inside a boot shell without the liner, to determine how well we expect this particular boot to fit, before you get in it and buckle it up. A critical step when working with boot fitters who do not have x-ray vision. ( see Two Fingers)
Stance evaluations – The ideal posture on top of your skis or board is when all your joint angles are in alignment and the information transfer from the muscles to the tool (your ski or board) is efficient. We can perform an evaluation of how close the ideal your angles are once you are in your new boots. We use the measurements gathered during and the evaluation to make recommendations on how we might accommodate your equipment to get you to the ideal efficiency in your turns. Take about 45 minutes of your time, call us sent up an appointment.
Two fingers – Once we have removed the boot liner and placed your foot inside the empty shell, two fingers is the amount of space we would like to see from the back of your foot to the heel of the shell. One finger for advanced and even less for racers. This is really an eyeball measurement of how well the size boot we have chosen for you fits the length of your foot, and a double check before we proceed with the fit process.